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The purpose of this lesson is to have students understand the reasons for Spanish settlement of the El Paso valley in Texas, events that transpired there, and what life was like for Indians and Spanish settlers. Students will work in cooperative groups to view examples of rock art, research the culture that produced it, and write a short, guided essay describing the rock art’s origins.
Through archeology, archival records, and oral history, the Ransom and Sarah Williams farmstead project has revealed the story of one African American family’s transition from slavery to freedom. In a larger sense it represents thousands of other African American families whose stories cannot be told.
This lesson contains three mini-lessons that may be used independently or together. In these lessons, students will explore a painting based on an actual farmstead site owned by former slaves, Ransom and Sarah Williams, to learn about African-American family life in 19th-century Texas. They will work in pairs or groups to learn about the various activities and chores shown in the painting, examine the artifacts...
Material objects found at historical sites can be both intriguing and informative, especially when examined carefully in the classroom with students. A thorough discussion of any given artifact can be based on Bloom’s Taxonomy, a classifying device used to illustrate the hierarchy of thinking levels, from simple and concrete to complex and abstract. Analyzing artifacts from the Ransom Williams farmstead using Bloom'...
Students will learn what Freedom Colonies were and identify Texas Freedom Colonies on a map. Students will work in cooperative groups to research positive and negatives aspects of African-American life after slavery within the Freedom Colonies.
Students will explore a variety of county government records to learn how Ransom Williams, an African American living in post-Civil War, Texas, began the transition to freedom by exercising the right to vote and own property. Students will work with partners to analyze a 19th-century primary source document, then create their own county government documents and answer questions about Ransom Williams and the...
Cabeza de Vaca’s accounts of life among the native peoples of Texas and Mexico in the early 1500s have long piqued the imagination and curiosity of scholars and lovers of history. Much attention has been directed to fleshing out details of the explorer’s life and trying to pinpoint the route he and his companions traveled from the Gulf shores through south Texas and deep into Mexico. In this multi-section essay,...
The story of the Santa Rita No. 1 is a lesson on dreams coming true because of tenacity and not giving up. The Permian Basin discovery marked the beginning of the West Texas oil boom. Because the well was on univerisity land, both UT and A and M have financially benefitted from royalties sine 1923. Cynthia Jordan visits children throughout the state of Texas, telling the Santa Rita story with music and song. For you...
The historical map collection has over 28,000 maps and images online. The collection focuses on rare 18th and 19th century North American and South American maps and other cartographic materials.
W. D. Smith Commercial Photographywas Fort Worth's leading commercial photographer during the mid- to late-20th century. This digital collection contains over 150 photographic negatives taken by the company during the 1940s-1950s as well as numerous 19th century Texas photographs collected by W.D. Smith  
Birds and Watchers by Jessie Maye Smith is a website to read about the birds of North Texas in the Fort Worth Telegram newspaper columns written by bird enthusiast Jessie Maye Smith. Her weekly column, which ran from 1953 to 1974, chronicles the winged wild life of Fort Worth and Tarrant County. 
The Tejano Voices Project focuses on one hundred seventy six oral history interviews with Tejano and Tejana leaders from across the state conducted by Dr. Jose; Angel Gutiearrez, associate professor of political science at the University of Texas at Arlington. These interviews were conducted in 1992-2006, and emphasize the personal stories and struggles of the interviewees, many of whom are the first individuals of...
Lesson Plan - A thorough discussion of any given artifact can easily be based on Bloom’s Taxonomy, a teaching tool that can take students through the hierarchy of thinking levels, from simple and concrete to complex and abstract. Analyzing artifacts using Bloom’s Taxonomy allows students on all levels (from remedial to gifted and talented) to exercise the complete range of critical thinking skills.
Lesson Plan/Unit - students will use primary source materials to learn about African American history at the turn of the 19th-20th century in Texas.
Lesson plan in which students will research archeological sites in Texas using Internet resources and create a class mural of poster board collages illustrating natural regions and the archeological sites found in them.
Lesson Plan - students will map the ecoregions in Texas and illustrate native vegetation.
Lesson Plan in which students will work in groups to write a descriptive report of a mystery artifact.
Lesson plan to explore the roles of a variety of people who lived or worked at a nineteenth-century Texas frontier fort or in a nearby frontier town and to reach a greater understanding of life on the Texas frontier by choosing a character and writing in his/her voice.
A 5-day lesson plan about cotton farming in Texas in the early 20th century.
Students will be introduced to the basic vocabulary of archeology and basic artifact analysis procedures.
The rationale for this lesson plan is to practice math skills while becoming familiar with Texas Boom and Bust economy and the natural history of the east Texas Piney Woods.
Students compare the businesses in the town of Fort Griffin (The Flat) to those in the students community. Students investigate the factors that influence the development of specific types of businesses in a community.
Introduces students to the fascinating process in which prehistoric chefs on the Edwards Plateau cooked quantities of plant bulbs in earth ovens by using hot rocks. This cooking technique was used for more more than 8,000 years in Texas.
Students make observations and inferences about artifacts.  
Students will compare the ways of life of Indians on the western Texas frontier and U.S. military men at the Texas forts. These two ways of life came into conflict in Texas, ending with the removal and virtual destruction of most Native Americans from the state.