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The drawings and watercolors on this site were created by James Gilchrist Benton, Edward Everett, and Sarah Ann Lillie Hardinge and together provide an invaluable record of the vast unknown region that was in the process of becoming the state of Texas. These works show that even in 1850, the young state was still very much a frontier, defended by a line of forts stretching from the Red River to the Rio Grande.
This resource features the photographs of cowboy photographer Erwin E. Smith and offers an in-depth look at the real lives of those who worked cattle on the range.
Students will identify contemporary economic counterparts to industries featured in Texas bird’s-eye views.
Students will identify the economic, political, and social influences that affected the settlements of Fort Worth and Waco in the late nineteenth century.
Students will write a summary statement about how their chosen city changed over time and record it at the bottom of the Landmark Identification Chart.
Texas cities grew in the nineteenth century, there were a variety of jobs that helped the cities’ economies grow.
Texas grew from a small frontier state in 1846 to more than a half million residents by 1860. Immigrants to Texas came from both Southern and Northern states, as well as Europe and they arrived in different ways, including by ship, horse, wagon, and railroad.
What are the benefits of the railroad coming to a city? What are the drawbacks?
Lesson Plan - Students will create a birds-eye view of their classroom, school, or community.
Lesson Plan - Students will identify contemporary economic counterparts to industries featured in Texas birds-eye views.
Lesson Plan - Students will analyze the effects of transportation on the settlement of Texas.
Lesson Plan - Students will compare bird’s-eye views of Texas cities in the 1800s to those in the 2000s by identifying landmarks and summarize how the cities have changed over time.
Eyewitness accounts/letters of 1900 hurricane in Galveston, Texas
Silent film clips made by an assistant of Thomas Edison shortly after the great storm
Photographs showing damage resulting from 1900 hurricane in Galveston