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This article provides an overview of the History of Public Education in Texas from the Texas Education Agency.
This is a primary document of James Bowie's Mexican Land Grant Application from 1830. James "Jim" Bowie is considered one of the legendary figures in Texas history. Although not a native Texan, Bowie has become a folk hero known for both a large-bladed knife and the even larger fame gained at the battle of the Alamo. Before he came to Texas, the Kentucky-born Bowie was already well known in Louisiana— not as a...
This is a primary document of the letter that imprisoned Stephen Austin. It is featured at the Bullock Museum on the 182nd anniversary of Austin's imprisonment. After becoming an empresario in 1823, Stephen Austin worked diligently with the Mexican government to protect his colonists’ rights. Ten years after his arrival in present-day Texas, and 182 years ago today, this letter ordering his arrest signaled an end to...
This is a primary document of the Testimonio (Certified Copy) of Stephen F. Austin's Second Empresario Contract, the contract that allowed Stephen F. AUstin to bring 500 families to Mexican Texas. Often called "The Father of Texas," Stephen F. Austin carved out his place in history by bringing thousands of settlers to Mexican Texas from the United States. In the 1820s, Austin and his father, Moses, became land...
This is a primary document of John Mitchell's oath of office. John Mitchell was one one of the first African American to be elected to the Texas House of Representatives. African Americans in Texas experienced the right to vote for the first time between February 10–14, 1868. After the 11th Texas Legislature met in 1866 and refused to pass the amendments abolishing slavery and granting citizenship to African...
This is a primary document. It is the Oath of Office document of Richard Allen, one of Texas' first African American Legislator. Richard Allen (1830–1909) was born enslaved in Richmond, Virginia, and arrived in Harris County with slave owner J. J. Cain in 1837. As a young man, Allen gained a solid reputation for construction and engineering work, and designed and helped to build the impressive Houston mansion of...
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