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Texas Talks with Dr. Caroline Castillo Crimm: Patricia de Leon, Mexico's Independence, and Texas Empressarios

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Dr. Crimm discusses Patricia de Leon's life. Patricia donates her entire dowry to her husband to purchase land for what becomes the de Leon colony in Texas at the beginning of the 19th century. She gives birth to ten children who live through Mexican Independence in Mexico and Texas. The family returns to live in Mexico during the time of the Battle of Medina in Texas, which was devastating for many families and thousands of revolutionaries who were killed for challenging the King of Spain. The de Leon's return to Texas in 1818 and in 1821 Mexico gains its independence from Spain. Not long after gaining independence, the first empressarios come to Texas, starting with Stephen F. Austin. An empressario is responsible for bringing settlers to Texas. Early Texas settlers, like the Old Three Hundred, only had to pay the cost of paperwork. swear allegiance to the Mexican government, be of good character, and be a Catholic to own land in Mexican Texas at this time.
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