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Mexican-American Heritage: Texas Experiences Social Studies, Grade 4

Through the use of primary and secondary source audiovisual materials, students will examine and trace the history and experiences of Mexican-Americans in the Southwest and Texas from the sixteenth to twentieth century. Students will understand how the Mexican-American experience ties to indigenous and Spanish culture by examining the impact of European colonization and settlement on native people in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Other key moments include nineteenth century clashes on the open range with Anglo settlers, Southwest farming and ranching practices, and twentieth century migrant labor. Mexican-American activism, also referred to as “Chicanoism,” in the 1960s and 1970s is highlighted and the lesson includes commentary by famed civil rights activist Cesar Chavez from 1971.
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